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Open Access Publications from the University of California

First Implementation of the CLIQ Quench Protection System on a 14-m-Long Full-Scale LHC Dipole Magnet

  • Author(s): Ravaioli, E
  • Datskov, VI
  • Dib, G
  • Fernandez Navarro, AM
  • Kirby, G
  • MacIejewski, M
  • Ten Kate, HHJ
  • Verweij, AP
  • Willering, G
  • et al.

The coupling-loss-induced quench (CLIQ) is an innovative system for the protection of superconducting magnets. Its energy-deposition mechanism, based on coupling loss generated directly in the superconductor, is fundamentally faster than heat diffusion, upon which traditional quench-heater-based systems rely. CLIQ electrical design relies on simple and robust components, i.e., easy to install and be replaced in case of damage. After being successfully tested on model magnets of different geometries and types of superconductor, CLIQ is now applied for the first time for the protection of a full-scale dipole magnet. For this purpose, a 14-m-long LHC twin-aperture dipole magnet is equipped with CLIQ terminals and two 80-mF 500-V CLIQ units are connected to its windings. Experimental results obtained under various operating conditions convincingly show that a CLIQ-based quench protection system can effectively protect large-scale magnets by quickly and homogeneously transferring to the normal-state voluminous regions of the winding packs. A developed dedicated simulation code correctly reproduces the complex electrothermal transient occurring during a CLIQ discharge. The successful test completes the development program of CLIQ quench protection systems, which has convincingly demonstrated the maturity and readiness of the system for application in large-scale magnet systems.

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