Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Swelling and diffusion during methanol sorption into hydrated nafion
- Author(s): Soniat, M
- Houle, FA
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.8b03169
© 2018 American Chemical Society. Diffusion within polymer electrolyte membranes is often coincident with time-dependent processes such as swelling and polymer relaxation, which are factors that limit their ability to block molecular crossover during use. The solution-diffusion model of membrane permeation, which is the accepted theory for dense polymers, applies only to steady-state processes and does not address dynamic internal structural changes that can accompany permeation. To begin discovery of how such changes can be coupled to the permeation process, we have constructed a stochastic multiscale reaction-diffusion model that examines time-dependent methanol uptake into and swelling of hydrated Nafion. Several potential mechanisms of diffusion and polymer response are tested. The simulation predictions are compared to real-time Fourier transform infrared attenuated total reflectance spectroscopy (FTIR-ATR) absorbance reported in the literature [Hallinan, D. T., Jr.; Elabd, Y. A. J. Phys. Chem. B 2007, 111,