Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Irvine

UC Irvine Previously Published Works bannerUC Irvine

Pyrazole-Based Acid Ceramidase Inhibitors: Design, Synthesis, and Structure–Activity Relationships


Acid ceramidase (AC) is a lysosomal cysteine amidase responsible for the cleavage of ceramide into sphingosine, which is then phosphorylated to sphingosine 1-phosphate. AC regulates the intracellular levels of ceramide and sphingosine, and AC inhibition may be useful in the treatment of disorders, such as cancer, in which ceramide-mediated signaling may be dysfunctional. Despite their potential experimental and therapeutic value, the number of available small-molecule inhibitors of AC activity remains limited. In the present study is described the discovery of a class of potent pyrazole carboxamide-based AC inhibitors, which were identified using the atomic property field (APF) approach and developed through systematic SAR investigations and in vitro pharmacological characterization. The best compound of this series inhibits AC with nanomolar potency and causes ceramide accumulation and sphingosine depletion in intact G361 proliferative melanoma cells. By expanding the current armamentarium of AC inhibitors, these results should facilitate future efforts to unravel the biology of AC and the therapeutic potential of its inhibition.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View