Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Effects of Fresnel fringes on TEM images of interfaces in X-ray multil
- Author(s): Nguyen, Tai D.
- O'Keefe, Michael A.
- Kilaas, Roar
- Gronsky, Ronald
- Kortright, Jeffrey B.
- et al.
Fresnel fringe effects make assessment of interfacial structures from high-resolution TEM images of cross-sectional specimens difficult, producing different apparent structures in the images. Fresnel fringes have been observed in many TEM images of W/C, WC/C, Ru/C, and Mo/Si, multilayers. Visibility of these fringes depends on the thickness of the specimen and the defocus value. Contrast of the fringes becomes higher with increasing defocus. The effects of these fringes have been commonly over-looked in efforts of making quantitative interpretation of interfacial profiles. In this report, we present the observations of the Fresnel fringes in nanometer period Mo/Si, W/C, and WC/C multilayers in through-focus-series TEM images. Calculation of the Fresnel fringes of a Mo/Si multilayer using charge density approximation is used to illustrate the characteristics of the fringes from different interfacial structures. We find that the potential difference and the abruptness of the interfacial composition change are a strong function of the fringe contrast, while the fringes spacing depends more strongly on the thickness of the transition or interfacial layer.