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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Comparison of Fused-Ring Electron Acceptors with One- and Multidimensional Conformations.


Three fused-ring electron acceptors (FXIC-1, FXIC-2, and FXIC-3) were designed and synthesized. This FXIC series has similar electron-rich central units and the same electron-poor termini. Due to the different steric structures of fluorene, bifluorenylidene, and spirobifluorene, FXIC-1 is a one-dimensional (1D) crystal, while FXIC-2 and FXIC-3 are multidimensional (MD) amorphous materials. The conformations of the FXIC series have a slight impact on their absorption and energy levels. FXIC-1 has higher electron mobility than FXIC-2 and FXIC-3. When blending with different polymer donors (PTB7-Th, J71, and PM7), the FXIC-1-based organic solar cells have efficiencies higher than those of the FXIC-2/FXIC-3-based cells. Meanwhile, the ternary-blend cells based on PTB7-Th:F8IC with FXIC-1, FXIC-2, and FXIC-3 show similar efficiencies, which are all better than those of the binary-blend devices.

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