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Simulation of the redistribution and fate of contaminants from soil-injected animal slurry

  • Author(s): Amin, MGM
  • Šimůnek, J
  • Lægdsmand, M
  • et al.
Abstract

Spreading of contaminants from land-applied animal slurry may create hazard for both soil and water environments. Both the leaching and persistence of the contaminants is controlled by the redistribution of the contaminants immediately after application, while the redistribution is influenced by site conditions (here different slurry dry matter content and soil texture). HYDRUS-2D was used to simulate the redistribution of water, chloride, mineral N, Salmonella Typhimurium Bacteriophage 28B (phage), Escherichia coli, and steroid hormone estrogens near the slurry injection slit over a 50-day period after slurry injection at two field sites (Silstrup and Estrup) in Denmark to estimate the controlling transport and reaction parameters based on field measurements of the contaminants. The calibrated model was thereafter used to predict the leaching potential into the subsoil. The simulations confirmed that the higher water contents measured in the slurry application slit were due to a change in the hydraulic parameters. Chloride was redistributed considerably beyond the sampled soil profile at Estrup, but not at Silstrup, which had lower hydraulic conductivities than Estrup. Average size of the microorganisms affected their mobility; the bigger the size, the higher was the effect of the site conditions. The sorption coefficient of estrogens for slurry-amended soil was remarkably lower than that for unamended soil. The study suggests that dissolved organic carbon retained in slurry can facilitate the transport of contaminants. E. coli, phage, and estrogens were vulnerable to leaching from the very first precipitation event after the slurry application, whereas mineral N started to leach when NO3-N accumulated. Model predictions suggest that there are potential risks of leaching of these contaminants from the top soil to the subsoil associated with the land-injected slurry. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

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