Sparse Approximate Multifrontal Factorization with Butterfly Compression for High-Frequency Wave Equations
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Sparse Approximate Multifrontal Factorization with Butterfly Compression for High-Frequency Wave Equations

  • Author(s): Liu, Yang
  • Ghysels, Pieter
  • Claus, Lisa
  • Li, Xiaoye Sherry
  • et al.
Abstract

We present a fast and approximate multifrontal solver for large-scale sparse linear systems arising from finite-difference, finite-volume or finite-element discretization of high-frequency wave equations. The proposed solver leverages the butterfly algorithm and its hierarchical matrix extension for compressing and factorizing large frontal matrices via graph-distance guided entry evaluation or randomized matrix-vector multiplication-based schemes. Complexity analysis and numerical experiments demonstrate $\mathcal{O}(N\log^2 N)$ computation and $\mathcal{O}(N)$ memory complexity when applied to an $N\times N$ sparse system arising from 3D high-frequency Helmholtz and Maxwell problems.

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