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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Proper orthogonal decomposition for reduced order dynamic modeling of vapor compression systems


A computationally efficient but accurate dynamic modeling approach for vapor compression systems is important for many applications. Nonlinear model order reduction techniques which generate reduced order models based on high fidelity vapor compression cycle (VCC) models are attractive for the purposes. In this paper, a number of technical challenges of applying model order reduction methods to VCCs are described and corresponding solution approaches are presented. It starts with a reformulation of a standard finite volume heat exchanger model for matching the baseline model reduction structure. Reduced order models for evaporator and condenser are constructed from numerical snapshots of the high fidelity models using Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD). Methodologies for system stability and numerical efficiency of POD reduced order models are described. The reduced order heat exchanger models are then coupled with quasi-static models of other components to form a reduced order cycle model. Transient simulations were conducted over a wide range of operating conditions and results were compared with the full order model as well as measurements. The validation results indicate that the reduced order model can execute much faster than a high-fidelity finite volume model with negligible prediction errors.

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