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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Strain control of composite superconductors to prevent degradation of superconducting magnets due to a quench: II. High-strength, laminated Ag-sheathed Bi-2223 tapes


In article I of this series, we described a spiral coil quench technique for probing the influence of the superconductor stress and strain state during normal operation on its margin to degradation during a quench and applied to a Bi-2212 round wire. Here we extend this technique to study the failure mechanisms and limits of high-strength Bi-2223 tapes experiencing a quench while carrying a large current in a high magnetic field. In contrast to Bi-2212 magnets made via a wind-and-react technique for which bending strains can be ignored, Bi-2223 magnets are made with a react-and-wind technique for which bending strain is significant. The critical tensile stress of Bi-2223 tapes (type HT-NX) decreases from >440 MPa for straight samples to 185 MPa after being bent to a diameter D of 50 mm. For HT-NX tapes with D = 50 mm, the quench degradation limit, measured using maximum allowable temperature during a quench T allowable, is greater than 300 K for axial tensile stress < 94 MPa; it decreases with increasing tensile axial stress nonlinearly, dropping to 230 K for = 125 MPa. T allow able experimental data at D = 50 mm is consistently predicted by a general strain model that assumes that quench degradation in NX/Bi-2223 is driven by axial tensile strain in Bi-2223 filaments exceeding the irreversible strain limit. The T allowable is then predicted for various D including D = 80 mm important for NMR magnets. The given T allowable is easy to use and important for finding the balance between operation stress, and therefore magnetic field generation efficiency, and operation margin when designing a superconducting magnet using Bi-2223 tapes.

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