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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Nonoverlapping block smoothers for the Stokes equations

  • Author(s): Claus, L
  • Bolten, M
  • et al.

Overlapping block smoothers efficiently damp the error contributions from highly oscillatory components within multigrid methods for the Stokes equations but they are computationally expensive. This paper is concentrated on the development and analysis of new block smoothers for the Stokes equations that are discretized on staggered grids. These smoothers are nonoverlapping and therefore desirable due to reduced computational costs. Traditional geometric multigrid methods are based on simple pointwise smoothers. However, using multigrid methods to efficiently solve more difficult problems such as the Stokes equations leads to computationally more expensive smoothers, for example, overlapping block smoothers. Nonoverlapping smoothers are less expensive, but have been considered less efficient in the literature. In this paper, we develop new nonoverlapping smoothers, the so-called triad-wise smoothers, and show their efficiency within multigrid methods to solve the Stokes equations. In addition, we compare overlapping and nonoverlapping smoothers by measuring their computational costs and analyzing their behavior by the use of local Fourier analysis.

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