Specialist Research Meetings were the primary launch events associated with NCGIA research initiatives, involving experts representing diverse disciplines and institutions from many countries. Meetings over several days promoted intensive discussion on themes related to theoretical issues, technological developments, and applications of geographical information systems. They combined a small number of context-setting presentations with ample time for discussion in plenary sessions, small groups, and informal social gatherings. Such meetings offered opportunities for new research and teaching programs, new software developments, and funding for research projects. Position papers, selected presentations, and final reports from these meetings are archived on eScholarship for public access. Additional results are presented in the eScholarship series on NCGIA Closing Reports, NCGIA Technical Reports, and Varenius Initiatives.