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Glossa Psycholinguistics

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Structure of Submissions and Style Sheet

Structure of a submission:

Title page

To ensure masked peer review, please list only the title and abstract on the submitted manuscript file. Add a word count (including tables, figures, footnotes, and references) below the title. Please note that the word limit is 15,000 words for regular articles, and 3,000 words for brief research articles. References are not included in the word count.


The names of all authors, affiliations, contact details, biography (optional) and the corresponding author details must be completed online as part of the submission process but should not be added to the submitted files until after editorial acceptance. Please omit information about institutions from which experimental participants were recruited or where participants were tested. Check for any other potentially identifying information. 


Articles must have the main text prefaced by an abstract of no more than 300 words summarizing the main arguments and conclusions of the article.

A list of up to six key words may be placed below the abstract (optional).

Main text

The body of the submission should be structured in a logical and easy to follow manner. The text must follow the instructions in Glossa Psycholinguistics' Style sheet: See the Style Sheet below. Double-spacing is not required and tables and figures should be placed in the appropriate locations in the text.


Use abbreviations sparingly. All acronyms should be defined the first time they are used. Remember that over-use of abbreviations and acronyms will make the paper difficult to read. Manuscripts that provide glosses should list in a key all the abbreviations that are used (e.g., NOM = nominative).

Data Accessibility Statement (required)

A Data Accessibility Statement section must be added prior to the reference list that provides information on how to access the data and any supplemental files associated with the manuscript, including DOI. Please be sure that during the review process, data repositories are suitably anonymized. For information on how to do this at OSF, please see here:

Ethics and consent (required if applicable)

Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Where applicable, the studies must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee and the authors should include a statement within the article text detailing this approval, including the name of the ethics committee and reference number of the approval. The identity of the research subject should be anonymised whenever possible. For research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study must be obtained from participants (or their legal guardian).

Acknowledgements (optional)

Any acknowledgements must have a header and be placed in its own paragraph, placed after the main text but before the reference list. If the research was supported by a funding grant, then please add the grant provider and grant number in the acknowledgments. Personal acknowledgements should be included only in the final version of the paper, to avoid compromising blind peer review. Editors should not be acknowledged.

Competing interests

If any of the authors have any competing interests then these must be declared. Guidelines for competing interests can be found here. If there are no competing interests to declare then the following statement should be present: The author(s) has/have no competing interests to declare.

Authors' contributions (required)

Please add a short paragraph detailing the roles that each author held with regards to the submission. Here is a useful guide to the CRediT system for assigning author credit. 


Once your paper is accepted, please provide each author's ORCiD ID.


All references cited within the submission must be listed at the end of the main text file. Please format references and citations APA (American Psychological Association) style, 7th edition. 

Style sheet:

Glossa Psycholinguistics  follows many of the style guidelines specified for Glossa: a journal of general linguistics. However, due to important differences Glossa: General  stylesheets or template files should not be used for a Glossa Psycholinguistics submission, as detailed below.

Parts of the text

The title should not contain any capitalization, apart from the first word and words that require capitals in all contexts. The title is followed by the first and last name of the author(s), their affiliation, and e-mail. First names should not include only initials. To ensure double-blind review, any information identifying the author(s) should be removed from the text as long as it is under review.

Articles are preceded by an abstract of no more than 300 words and up to six keywords. The Abstract and Keywords should also be added to the metadata when making the initial online submission.

Articles are subdivided into numbered sections (and possibly subsections, numbered 1.1 etc., and subsubsections, numbered 1.1.1 etc.), with a bold-faced heading in each case. The numbering always begins with 1, not 0. Section headings end with a period; subsection headings do not. Neither type of heading has any special capitalization.

The conclusion is the last numbered section. It may be followed by several unnumbered sections: Abbreviations, Data Accessibility Statement, Ethics and consent, Acknowledgements, Competing Interests, and Authors' contributions, in this order. Of these, only the Abbreviations and Acknowledgments sections are optional. If your paper contains glossed examples, the Abbreviations section. Consult the Glossa website for more information. The last part is the list of bibliographical references (References). For the style of references, see below.

Numbered examples and formulae

Examples from languages other than English must be glossed (with word-by-word alignment) and translated (cf. the Leipzig Glossing Rules recommended as basic guidelines here: Example numbers are enclosed in parentheses, and left-aligned. Example sentences usually have normal capitalization at the beginning and normal punctuation. The gloss line has no capitalization and no punctuation.

Glossing example 1

When the example is not a complete sentence, there is no capitalization and no full stop at the end. If the name of the language is added, the source of the example, or any extra information, this information must be added on an extra first line of the example (with the name of the language in italics). Do not use italics to emphasize any language material in numbered example sentences. Instead, please use bold face to indicate emphasis on particular parts of a numbered example.

Glossing example 2

Ungrammatical examples can be given a parenthesized idiomatic translation. A literal translation may be given in parentheses after the idiomatic translation.

The use of any nonstandard layout in examples beyond what is illustrated above is strongly discouraged, as this will increase production time (and cost) of your paper, as well as increase the chances of the HTML version format including errors in some browsers/screen sizes. If you feel an example needs additional explanation, try as much as possible to provide this in the text that goes with the example. If nonstandard layout is essential then please raise this with the editorial team to discuss the options available.

Formulae must be proofed carefully by the author(s). Editors will not edit formulae. If special software has been used to create formulae, the way it is laid out is the way they will appear in the publication.

In-text citations of language material

For numbered examples, italics are reserved only for the name of the language as in (2) above. However,aAny in-text reference to a form in an object language should be presented in italics, with its meaning or translation in single quotes. For example: 

  • The Mandarin long-distance reflexive ziji 'self' may take antecedents outside of the local clause.

Use of footnotes/endnotes

Use footnotes rather than endnotes (we refer to these as "Notes" in the online publication). These will appear at the bottom of each page. All notes should be used only where crucial clarifying information needs to be conveyed.

Avoid using notes for purposes of referencing, with in-text citations used instead. If in-text citations cannot be used, a source can be cited as part of a note. Please insert the footnote marker after the end punctuation.

The footnote reference number normally follows a period or a comma, though exceptionally it may follow an individual word. Footnote numbers start with 1. Examples in footnotes have the numbers (i), (ii), etc.

Tables and figures

Tables and figures are treated as floats in typesetting. This means that their placement on the page will not necessarily be where you put it in your manuscript, as this may lead to large parts of the page ending up white (e.g. when a table or figure does not fit on the current page anymore and wraps onto the following page). For this reason, you must always refer to tables and figures in the running text (e.g. “… as shown in Table 1”). Do not refer to tables and figures using the words "following', "below" or "above", as the final placement of your table or figure may be different from where you placed them in your manuscript.

Tables and figures are numbered consecutively. Each table and each figure has a caption. The caption is placed below figures, but above tables, with only the figure or table number in bold. The caption ends in a full stop.

All figures must be uploaded separately as supplementary files once the paper is accepted, if possible in colour and at a resolution of at least 300dpi. No file should be larger than 20MB. Standard formats accepted are: jpg, tiff, gif, png, eps. For line drawings, please provide the original vector file (e.g. .ai, or .eps).

Tables must be created using a word processor's table function, not tabbed text. Tables should be included in the manuscript.

Tables should not include:

  • Rotated text
  • Color to denote meaning (it will not display the same on all devices)
  • Images
  • Diagonal lines
  • Multiple parts (e.g. "Table 1a" and "Table 1b"). These should either be merged into one table, or separated into "Table 1" and "Table 2".

If there are more columns than can fit on a single page, the table will be rotated by 90 degrees to fit on the page. Do not use tables that cannot fit onto a single page.

Tree diagrams should be treated as examples, not as figures. If your figure or tree diagram includes text, then for the best match with the typeset text use the font Charis Sil, or Fira Sans. These fonts also support the International Phonetical Alphabet (IPA) symbols.

In-text citations

In-text citations should be formatted according to APA style, 7th edition. For details, see the APA Publication Manual, 7th Edition. A useful summary can be found here


Please ensure that all in-text citations in the text have a corresponding entry in the reference list. References should be formatted according to the APA Publication Manual, 7th Edition. For more information, please consult this website.  APA style (7th edition) for Zotero is available at American Psychological Association 7th edition.

Typographical matters


Sentences, proper names and titles/headings/captions start with a capital letter, but there is no special capitalization (“title case”) within English titles/headings neither in the article title nor in section headings or figure captions. Capitalization is also used after the colon in titles, i.e. for the beginning of subtitles.

Capitalization is used only for parts of the article (chapters, figures, tables, appendixes) when they are numbered, e.g.

  • as shown in Table 5
  • more details are given in Chapter 3
  • this is illustrated in Figure 17


Italics are used in the following cases:

  • for technical terms and all object-language forms (letters, words, phrases, sentences) that are cited within the text, unless they are phonetic transcriptions or phonological representations in IPA.
  • or emphasis of a particular word that is not a technical term
  • for emphasis within a quotation, with the indication [emphasis mine/ours] at the end of the quotation
  • for the name of the language in examples.

Small caps

Small caps are used for the interlinear glosses in examples (e.g. fut, neg, sg, obl). They are also used for indicating stressed syllables or words in example sentences.

Boldface and other highlighting

Boldface can be used to draw the reader’s attention to particular aspects of a linguistic example, whether given within the text or as a numbered example. Full caps and underlining are not normally used for highlighting.

Quotation marks

Double quotation marks are used

  • when a passage from another work is cited in the text
  • when a technical term or other expression is mentioned that the author does not want to adopt

Ellipsis in a quotation is indicated by [...].

Single quotation marks are used exclusively for linguistic meanings, e.g

  • Latin habere ‘have’ is not cognate with Old English hafian ‘have’.

Quotes within quotes are not treated in a special way.

Note that quotations from other languages should be translated (inline if they are short, in a footnote if they are longer).

Use of hyphens and dashes

The n-dash (–) is used without a space for:

  • Numerical ranges: "Across experiments, the simple effect size ranged between 32–56ms."
  • Negative sign: "Our experimental manipulation resulted in a significant effect (t = –3.2, p < 0.001).

The n-dash (–) is used with a space for:

  • In-text parenthetical asides, or in place of commas to enhance readability: "Syntactic processing difficulty is reliably indexed in ERP measures – for example, the P600 effect has been associated with the recognition of a syntactic error."

The hypthen (-) is used:

  • To indicate two words or morphemes are conventionally presented as a single unit, as in the case of noun-noun compounds or common adverb-particle forms: "well-informed," "old-fashioned," "bottom-up," etc.


When a complex term that is not widely known is referred to frequently, it may be abbreviated (e.g. DOC for “double-object construction”). Do not overuse abbreviations and acronyms. Any non-stantard abbreviation or acronym should be given in full in the text when it is first used. Abbreviations of uncommon expressions are not used in headings or captions, and they should be avoided at the beginning of a chapter or major section.

Abbreviations used in glossed examples should be listed in a separate section following the conclusions. For a list of standard abbreviations, refer to the Leipzig glossing rules.

1 Examples in footnotes are numbered with lower case Roman numerals enclosed between brackets:

(i) Colorless green ideas sleep furiously.

More text can follow the example.