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Glossa Psycholinguistics

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Structure of submissions

Structure of a submission:

Title page

To ensure blind peer review, please only list the title and abstract on the submitted manuscript file.

Anonymization: The names of all authors, affiliations, contact details, biography (optional) and the corresponding author details must be completed online as part of the submission process but should not be added to the submitted files until after editorial acceptance.


Articles must have the main text prefaced by an abstract of no more than 250 words summarizing the main arguments and conclusions of the article.

A list of up to six key words may be placed below the abstract (optional).

Main text

The body of the submission should be structured in a logical and easy to follow manner. The text must follow the instructions in the journal's Style sheet.


Use abbreviations sparingly. All acronyms should be defined the first time they are used. Remember that over-use of abbreviations and acronyms will make the paper difficult to read.

Data Accessibility Statement

A Data Accessibility Statement section must be added prior to the reference list that provides information on how to access the data associated with the manuscript, including DOI.

Ethics and consent (if applicable)

See "Ethics and consent" section below for details on what should be declared.

Acknowledgements (optional)

Any acknowledgements must have a header and be placed in its own paragraph, placed after the main text but before the reference list. If the research was supported by a funding grant, then please add the grant provider and grant number in the acknowledgments. Personal acknowledgements should be included only in the final version of the paper, to avoid compromising blind peer review. 

Competing interests

If any of the authors have any competing interests then these must be declared. Guidelines for competing interests can be found here. If there are no competing interests to declare then the following statement should be present: The author(s) has/have no competing interests to declare.

Authors' contributions (required)

Please add a short paragraph detailing the roles that each author held with regards to the submission, using the CRediT system.


All references cited within the submission must be listed at the end of the main text file. Please format references and citations in APA style.

Style sheet:

Glossa Psycholinguistics uses the style sheet of Glossa: a journal of general linguistics, with the exception that references should be formatted according to APA style guidelines. This style sheet is based on the The Generic Style Rules for Linguistics (version of December 2014), developed under a CC-BY licence by Martin Haspelmath ( It was slightly adapted for Glossa by Waltraud Paul and Guido Vanden Wyngaerd in November 2015.

Parts of the text

The title should not contain any capitalization, apart from the first word and words that require capitals in all contexts. The title is followed by the first and last name of the author(s), their affiliation, and e-mail. First names should not include only initials. To ensure double-blind review, any information identifying the author(s) should be removed from the text as long as it is under review.

Articles are preceded by an abstract of 100–300 words and about five keywords. The Abstract and Keywords should also be added to the metadata when making the initial online submission.

Articles are subdivided into numbered sections (and possibly subsections, numbered 1.1 etc., and subsubsections, numbered 1.1.1 etc.), with a bold-faced heading in each case. Subsection headings also have italics. The numbering always begins with 1, not 0. Section headings do not end with a period, and have no special capitalization.

The conclusion is the last numbered section. It may be followed by several (optional) unnumbered sections: Abbreviations, Supplementary files, Ethics and consent, Funding information, Acknowledgements, Competing Interests, and Authors' contributions, in this order. Of these, only the Competing Interests statement is mandatory, and, if your paper contains glossed examples, the Abbreviations section. Consult the Glossa website for more information. The last part is the list of bibliographical references (References). For the style of references, see below.

Numbered examples and formulae

Examples from languages other than English must be glossed (with word-by-word alignment) and translated (cf. the Leipzig Glossing Rules recommended as basic guidelines here: Example numbers are enclosed in parentheses, and left-aligned. Example sentences usually have normal capitalization at the beginning and normal punctuation. The gloss line has no capitalization and no punctuation.

Glossing example 1

When the example is not a complete sentence, there is no capitalization and no full stop at the end. If the name of the language is added, the source of the example, or any extra information, this information must be added on an extra first line of the example (with the name of the language in italics).

Glossing example 2

Ungrammatical examples can be given a parenthesized idiomatic translation. A literal translation may be given in parentheses after the idiomatic translation.

The use of any nonstandard layout in examples beyond what is illustrated above is strongly discouraged, as this will increase production time (and cost) of your paper, as well as increase the chances of the HTML version format including errors in some browsers/screen sizes. If you feel an example needs additional explanation, try as much as possible to provide this in the text that goes with the example. If nonstandard layout is essential then please raise this with the editorial team to discuss the options available.

Formulae must be proofed carefully by the author. Editors will not edit formulae. If special software has been used to create formulae, the way it is laid out is the way they will appear in the publication.

Use of footnotes/endnotes

Use footnotes rather than endnotes (we refer to these as "Notes" in the online publication). These will appear at the bottom of each page. All notes should be used only where crucial clarifying information needs to be conveyed.

Avoid using notes for purposes of referencing, with in-text citations used instead. If in-text citations cannot be used, a source can be cited as part of a note. Please insert the footnote marker after the end punctuation.

The footnote reference number normally follows a period or a comma, though exceptionally it may follow an individual word. Footnote numbers start with 1. Examples in footnotes have the numbers (i), (ii), etc.

Tables and figures

Tables and figures are treated as floats in typesetting. This means that their placement on the page will not necessarily be where you put it in your manuscript, as this may lead to large parts of the page ending up white (e.g. when a table or figure does not fit on the current page anymore and wraps onto the following page). For this reason, you must always refer to tables and figures in the running text (e.g. “… as shown in Table 1”). Do not refer to tables and figures using the words "following', "below" or "above", as the final placement of your table or figure may be different from where you placed them in your manuscript.

Tables and figures are numbered consecutively. Each table and each figure has a caption. The caption is placed below figures, but above tables, with only the figure or table number in bold. The caption ends in a full stop.

All figures must be uploaded separately as supplementary files once the paper is accepted, if possible in colour and at a resolution of at least 300dpi. No file should be larger than 20MB. Standard formats accepted are: jpg, tiff, gif, png, eps. For line drawings, please provide the original vector file (e.g. .ai, or .eps).

Tables must be created using a word processor's table function, not tabbed text. Tables should be included in the manuscript.

Tables should not include:

  • Rotated text
  • Colour to denote meaning (it will not display the same on all devices)
  • Images
  • Diagonal lines
  • Multiple parts (e.g. "Table 1a" and "Table 1b"). These should either be merged into one table, or separated into "Table 1" and "Table 2".

If there are more columns than can fit on a single page, the table will be rotated by 90 degrees to fit on the page. Do not use tables that cannot fit onto a single page.

Tree diagrams should be treated as examples, not as figures. If your figure or tree diagram includes text, then for the best match with the typeset text use the font Charis Sil, or Fira Sans. These fonts also support the International Phonetical Alphabet (IPA) symbols.

In-text citations

The short reference form used in the text consists of the author’s surname and the publication year, followed by page numbers where necessary. Brackets surround the year, except if the citation is already inside brackets, in which case there are no brackets around the year. If there are more than two authors, the first surname plus et al. can be used.

Thomason & Kaufman (1988: 276–280) point out that the northern dialects of English show more morphological innovations (and are morphologically more simple) than the southern English dialects.

The notation we use to represent this is borrowed from theories according to which φ-features occur in a so-called feature geometry (Gazdar & Pullum 1982).

Bannard et al. (2009) = Bannard, Lieven & Tomasello (2009)

When multiple citations are listed, they are separated by semicolons and listed in chronological order.

Speakers rely heavily on formulaic chunks or “prefabs” during speech comprehension and production (Pawley & Syder 1983; Sinclair 1991; Erman & Warren 2000; Bybee 2006; see Wray 2002 for a broader historical review).

Surnames with internal complexity have upper or lower case according to how the author spells his/her own name, e.g.:

It has been claimed by de Swart (1998) and De Belder (2011) that meaning is compositional.

Chinese and Korean names may be treated in a special way: As the surnames are often not very distinctive, the full name may be given in the in-text citation, e.g.

the neutral negation bù is compatible with stative and activity verbs (cf. Teng Shou-hsin 1973; Hsieh Miao-Ling 2001; Lin Jo-wang 2003)


Please ensure that all in-text citations in the text have a corresponding entry in the reference list. References should be formatted according to the American Psychological Association. For more information, please consult this website. Please list references alphabetically, and then chronologically. APA style (7th edition) for Zotero is available at American Psychological Association 7th edition.

Typographical matters


Sentences, proper names and titles/headings/captions start with a capital letter, but there is no special capitalization (“title case”) within English titles/headings neither in the article title nor in section headings or figure captions. Capitalization is also used after the colon in titles, i.e. for the beginning of subtitles.

Capitalization is used only for parts of the article (chapters, figures, tables, appendixes) when they are numbered, e.g.

as shown in Table 5

more details are given in Chapter 3

this is illustrated in Figure 17


Italics are used in the following cases:

  • for technical terms and all object-language forms (letters, words, phrases, sentences) that are cited within the text, unless they are phonetic transcriptions or phonological representations in IPA.
  • or emphasis of a particular word that is not a technical term
  • for emphasis within a quotation, with the indication [emphasis mine/ours] at the end of the quotation
  • for the name of the language in examples.

Small caps

Small caps are used for the interlinear glosses in examples (e.g. fut, neg, sg, obl). They are also used for indicating stressed syllables or words in example sentences.

Boldface and other highlighting

Boldface can be used to draw the reader’s attention to particular aspects of a linguistic example, whether given within the text or as a numbered example. Full caps and underlining are not normally used for highlighting.

Quotation marks

Double quotation marks are used

  • when a passage from another work is cited in the text
  • when a technical term or other expression is mentioned that the author does not want to adopt

Ellipsis in a quotation is indicated by [...].

Single quotation marks are used exclusively for linguistic meanings, e.g.

Latin habere ‘have’ is not cognate with Old English hafian ‘have’.

Quotes within quotes are not treated in a special way.

Note that quotations from other languages should be translated (inline if they are short, in a footnote if they are longer).


When a complex term that is not widely known is referred to frequently, it may be abbreviated (e.g. DOC for “double-object construction”). The abbreviation should be given in the text when it is first used. Abbreviations of uncommon expressions are not used in headings or captions, and they should be avoided at the beginning of a chapter or major section.

Abbreviations used in glossed examples should be listed in a separate section following the conclusions. For a list of standard abbreviations, refer to the Leipzig glossing rules.

Ethics and consent

Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Where applicable, the studies must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee and the authors should include a statement within the article text detailing this approval, including the name of the ethics committee and reference number of the approval. The identity of the research subject should be anonymised whenever possible. For research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study must be obtained from participants (or their legal guardian).

1 Examples in footnotes are numbered with lower case Roman numerals enclosed between brackets:

(i) Colorless green ideas sleep furiously.

More text can follow the example.