Theory of Optical Leaky-Wave Antenna Integrated in a Ring Resonator for Radiation Control
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Theory of Optical Leaky-Wave Antenna Integrated in a Ring Resonator for Radiation Control

  • Author(s): Guclu, C
  • Boyraz, O
  • Capolino, F
  • et al.

The integration of a leaky-wave antenna with a ring resonator is presented using analytical guided wave models. The device consists of a ring resonator fed by a directional coupler, where the ring resonator path includes a leaky-wave antenna segment. The resonator integration provides two main advantages: the high-quality factor ensures effective control of radiation intensity by controlling the resonance conditions and the efficient radiation from a leaky-wave antenna even when its length is much smaller than the propagation length of the leaky wave. We devise an analytical model of the guided wave propagation along a directional coupler and the ring resonator path including the antenna and non-radiating segments. The trade-offs regarding the quality factor of resonance and the antenna efficiency of such a design is reported in terms of the coupler parameters, leaky-wave constant and radiation length. Finally a CMOS-compatible OLWA design suitable for the ring resonator integration is designed where Silicon is utilized as the waveguide material for a possible electronic control of radiation intensity. The simulation results together with the analytical model show that slight variations in the leaky-wave's propagation constant, realized through excitation of excess carriers in Si domain, is sufficient to control the far-field radiation modulation with high extinction ratio.

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