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Lifshitz-Transition-Driven Metal-Insulator Transition in Moderately Spin-Orbit-Coupled Sr_{2-x}La_{x}RhO_{4}.

  • Author(s): Kwon, Junyoung
  • Kim, Minsoo
  • Song, Dongjoon
  • Yoshida, Yoshiyuki
  • Denlinger, Jonathan
  • Kyung, Wonshik
  • Kim, Changyoung
  • et al.
Abstract

Motivated by the novel insulating state of Sr_{2}IrO_{4} from strong spin-orbit coupling (SOC), we investigate, by means of angle resolved photoemission, the metal-insulator transition (MIT) mechanism in Sr_{2-x}La_{x}RhO_{4} whose mother compound is isovalent and isostructural but has smaller SOC strength compared to Sr_{2}IrO_{4}. Transport and angle resolved photoemission results from single crystalline Sr_{2-x}La_{x}RhO_{4} revealed that the MIT occurs coincidentally with a multi- to single-band transition (Lifshitz transition) at x=0.4. Starting from x=0.4, there is a gradual but anomalous enhancement in the band gap size with additional electron doping, suggesting that the insulating phase in Sr_{2-x}La_{x}RhO_{4} is a new type which has been rarely investigated. These results suggest that the insulating phase in Sr_{2-x}La_{x}RhO_{4} is likely induced by the moderate SOC strength and electron doping effect from the La. Our findings not only elucidate the MIT mechanism in Sr_{2-x}La_{x}RhO_{4}, but may also open new avenues for novel MIT research in moderate SOC regimes.

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