International Journal of Comparative Psychology
The Effect of Context and CS Preexposure on Acquisition of the Classically Conditioned Eyeblink Response in Rats
- Author(s): Sokoloff, Greta
- Lindquist, Derick H.
- Steinmetz, Joseph E.
- et al.
In a previous study, a latent inhibition (LI) effect was found to be dictated by a facilitation of the acquisition of a conditioned eyeblink response in context pre-exposed rabbits as opposed to slower learning in tone preexposed rabbits. In the present experiments, we examined the effects of preexposure to the tone conditional stimulus (CS) using a similar paradigm with rats. In Experiment 1, rats were given four or eight days of context (SIT) or CS preexposure (TONE) followed by eight days of paired training. Unlike rabbits, control and eight day SIT groups learned faster than TONE exposed rats and the four day SIT group. In Experiment 2, we controlled for the context preexposure control rats received during adaptation in Experiment 1 and tested rats given two days of CS preexposure or no preexposure. Again, SIT rats learned faster than TONE rats as well as rats that did not receive any preexposure. In Experiment 3, we tested a frequently-used method for examining LI, whereby paired training began immediately after the last of four sessions of preexposure, but observed no effect. Similar to our previous results, any LI effect produced in the present set of experiments arose from facilitated performance by SIT rats as opposed to deficits in learning in TONE rats. The present results highlight the need for a unifying theory of preexposure effects immune to differences experimental paradigms and parameters in order explain the variety of results obtained in the field.