One-dimensional phase retrieval: Regularization, box relaxation and uniqueness
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6420/aba2bc
Recovering a signal from its Fourier magnitude is referred to as phase retrieval, which occurs in different fields of engineering and applied physics. This paper gives a new characterization of the phase retrieval problem. Particularly useful is the analysis revealing that the common gradient-based regularization does not restrict the set of solutions to a smaller set. Specifically focusing on binary signals, we show that a box relaxation is equivalent to the binary constraint for Fourier-types of phase retrieval. We further prove that binary signals can be recovered uniquely up to trivial ambiguities under certain conditions. Finally, we use the characterization theorem to develop an efficient denoising algorithm.