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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Design of a New Superconducting Magnet System for High Strength Minimum-B Fields for ECRIS

  • Author(s): Xie, DZ
  • Benitez, JY
  • Hodgkinson, A
  • Loew, T
  • Lyneis, CM
  • Phair, L
  • Pipersky, P
  • Reynolds, B
  • Todd, DS
  • et al.

© 2016 IEEE. A novel Mixed Axial and Radial field System (MARS) seeks to enhance the B fields inside the plasma chamber within the limits of a given conductor, thereby making it possible to raise the operating fields for Electron Cyclotron Resonance Ion Sources (ECRISs). The MARS concept consists of a hexagonally shaped closed-loop coil and a set of auxiliary solenoids. The application of MARS will be combined with a hexagonal plasma chamber to maximize the use of the radial fields at the chamber inner surfaces. Calculations using Opera's TOSCA-3D solver have shown that MARS can potentially generate up to 50% higher fields and use of only about one half of the same superconducting wire, as compared with existing magnet designs in ECRISs. A MARS magnet system built with Nb3Sn coils could generate a high strength minimum-B field of maxima of ≥ 10 T on axis and ∼6 T radially in an ECRIS plasma chamber. Following successful development, the MARS magnet system will be the best magnet scheme for the next generation of ECRISs. This paper will present the MARS concept, magnet design, prototyping a copper closed-loop coil, and discussions.

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