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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Persistent Hiccups as a Rare Presenting Symptom of Pulmonary Embolism

  • Author(s): Hassen, Getaw worku
  • Singh, Mona Milkha
  • Kalantari, Hossein
  • Yemane-Merriwether, Selamawit
  • Ferrante, Steven
  • Shaw, Ronald
  • et al.

Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a life-threatening condition that may present as dyspnea, chest pain,cough or hemoptysis, but often occurs without symptoms. It is not typically associated with hiccups.Hiccups are generally self-limiting benign contractions of the diaphragm that may be associatedwith medications or food but may also be symptomatic of serious disease when persistent. Wereport 3 cases of PE presenting as persistent hiccups. [West J Emerg Med. 2012;13(6):479-483]

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