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Development of NIR detectors and science driven requirements for SNAP

  • Author(s): Brown, M.G.
  • Bebek, C.
  • Bernstein, G.
  • Bonissent, A.
  • Carithers, B.
  • Cole, D.
  • Figer, D.
  • Gerdes, D.
  • Gladney, L.
  • Lorenzon, W.
  • Kim, A.
  • Kushner, G.
  • Kuznetsova, N.
  • Linder, E.
  • McKee, S.
  • Miquel, R.
  • Mostek, N.
  • Mufson, S.
  • Schubnell, M.
  • Seshadri, S.
  • Shukla, H.
  • Smith, R.
  • Stebbins, A.
  • Stoughton, C.
  • Tarle, G.
  • et al.
Abstract

Precision near infrared (NIR) measurements are essential for the next generation of ground and space based instruments. The SuperNova Acceleration Probe (SNAP) will measure thousands of type Ia supernovae up to a redshift of 1.7. The highest redshift supernovae provide the most leverage for determining cosmological parameters, in particular the dark energy equation of state and its possible time evolution. Accurate NIR observations are needed to utilize the full potential of the highest redshift supernovae. Technological improvements in NIR detector fabrication have lead to high quantum efficiency, low noise detectors using a HgCdTe diode with a band-gap that is tuned to cutoff at 1:7 1m. The effects of detector quantum efficiency, read noise, and dark current on lightcurve signal to noise, lightcurve parameter errors, and distance modulus ?ts are simulated in the SNAP sim framework. Results show that improving quantum efficiency leads to the largest gains in photometric accuracy for type Ia supernovae. High quantum efficiency in the NIR reduces statistical errors and helps control systematic uncertainties at the levels necessary to achieve the primary SNAP science goals.

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