Western Journal of Emergency Medicine: Integrating Emergency Care with Population Health
Systematic Review of ED-based Intimate Partner Violence Intervention Research
- Author(s): Choo, Esther K.
- Gottlieb, Amy S.
- DeLuca, Marie
- Tape, Chantal
- Colwell, Lauren
- Zlotnick, Caron
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.5811/westjem.2015.10.27586
Introduction: Assessment reactivity may be a factor in the modest results of brief interventions for substance use in the emergency department (ED). The presence of assessment reactivity in studies of interventions for intimate partner violence (IPV) has not been studied. Our objectives were to identify ED IPV intervention studies and evaluate the presence of a consistently positive effect on the control groups.
Methods: We performed a systematic search of electronic databases for English=language intervention studies addressing IPV in the ED published since 1990. Study selection and assessment of methodologic quality were performed by two independent reviewers. Data extraction was performed by one reviewer and then independently checked for completeness and accuracy by a second reviewer.
Results: Of 3,620 unique manuscripts identified by database search, 667 underwent abstract review and 12 underwent full-text review. Only three met full eligibility criteria; data on the control arm were available for two studies. In these two studies, IPV-related outcomes improved for both the experimental and control condition.
Conclusion: The paucity of controlled trials of IPV precluded a robust evaluation for assessment reactivity. This study highlighted a critical gap in ED research on IPV.