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Renal Rupture Following Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy


A 41-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with a chief complaint of hematuria three days status post extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy. The patient described a three-day history of worsening left-sided abdominal pain immediately following the procedure. She denied any fever, chills, changes in bowel habits, hematochezia, increased urinary frequency, urinary urgency, or dysuria.

Physical exam revealed tenderness to palpation in the left upper quadrant, left flank and periumbilical region with mild guarding. Laboratory studies revealed an anemic patient with downward trending hematocrit (red blood cell count of 3.41 106/µL, hemoglobin of 10.6 g/dL, and a hematocrit of 31.3% down from 43% a week and a half prior). Urinalysis revealed red and cloudy urine with 3+ leukocytes.

A chest radiograph was unremarkable. A computed tomography of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis showed a laceration to the lateral aspect of the mid left kidney with a hematoma measuring 3.2 cm in thickness (Figure). The patient was subsequently admitted to the hospital for monitoring and discharged on day nine. [West J Emerg Med. 2014;15(6):-0]

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