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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Mediterranean Journal of Emergency Medicine, Volume 1, Issue 2

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Farewell to a Friend - with "Love"

Peter Rosen, MD, FAAEM, one of the main founding fathers and mothers in the field of emergency medicine, passed away in Tucson, Arizona, on the 11th of November 2019 from complications of chronic diseases, with his best friend and wife Ann at his side. He was 84 years old.Dr. Rosen dedicated decades of his life advocating and promoting the field of emergency medicine as a medical discipline and academic specialty, one that stands in parity with all other primary categorical specialties.

Original Research

USMLE Scores Do Not Predict the Clinical Performance of Emergency Medicine Residents

Background: Scores on “high-stakes” multiple choice exams such as the United States Medical Licensing Examination® (USMLE) are important screening and applicant ranking criteria used by residencies.Objective: We tested the hypothesis that USMLE scores do not predict overall clinical performance of emergency medicine (EM) residents.Methods: All graduates from our University-based EM residency between the years 2008 and 2015 were included. Residents who had incomplete USMLE records were terminated, transferred out of the program, or did not graduate within this timeframe were excluded from the analysis. Clinical performance was defined as a gestalt of the residency program’s leadership and was classified into three sets: top, average, and lowest clinical performer. Dissimilarities of the initial blind rankings were adjudicated during a consensus conference.Results: During the eight years of the study period, there were a total of 115 graduating residents: 73 men (63%) and 42 women. Nearly all of them (109; 95%) had allopathic medical degrees; the remainder had osteopathic degrees. There was not a statistically significant correlation between our ranking of clinical performance and the Step 2 Clinical Knowledge score. There was a non-significant correlation between clinical performance and the Step 1 score.Conclusion: Neither USMLE Step 1 nor Step 2 Clinical Knowledge were good predictors of the actual clinical performance of residents during their training. We feel that their scores are overemphasized in the resident selec­tion process.

Review Article

The International Medical Graduate

International medical graduates (IMGs) are graduates of medical schools located outside the United States (U.S.) and Canada. IMGs face various challenges on the road to U.S. residency training. These challenges include sitting for the United States Medical Licensing Examinations (USMLEs) to obtain certification from the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG). After that, IMGs are faced with a foreign application process whereby they must apply for and secure a position in a residency program through the Electronic Residency Application System (ERAS) and the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP). Once accepted into a residency program, IMGs who are not US citizens or legal permanent residents are challenged with securing a visa to be able to practice in the U.S. In this article, we elaborate on these processes and highlight the challenges IMGs may face along the way.

Special Contribution

Mass Casualty Management in the Emergency Department - Lessons Learnt in Lebanon - Part I

Over the last century, mass casualty incidents (MCIs) affected many nations and their emergency departments. The unscheduled arrival of large number of injured victims over a short period of time often causes major chaos and crowding. When a rapid surge in operational needs overwhelms available Emergency Department (ED) resources and personnel, the chaos and overwhelming mismatch between needs and resources can quickly spread to the rest of the hospital.1, 2 Nonetheless, as the front door of the hospital, the ED plays a pivotal role in determining the quality and effectiveness of an institution’s MCI response. This requires effective planning, which translates into preparedness. Unfortunately, many EDs are overburdened even on regular days. Damaged infrastructure further compounds the challenge.