Miocene macropaleontology of the Caldecott Tunnel fourth bore excavation, Berkeley Hills, CA, USA!
Powell et al. describe Miocene marine macrofossils recovered from the fourth bore excavation of the Caldecott Tunnel in the Berkeley Hills, Oakland, CA, USA.
First leatherback sea turtle (family Dermochelyidae) from the Mio-Pliocene Purisima Formation of California!
Bailey Fallon and Bobby Boessenecker describe the first leatherback sea turtle, cf. Psephophorus, from the lower Pliocene Purisima Formation of California, USA.
The Miocene Mascall vertebrate fauna revisited!
An excellent update of the vertebrate fauna and chronostratigraphy of the Miocene type Mascall Formation, John Day Basin, Oregon, USA by Kaitlin Clare Maguire, Joshua Samuels, and Mark Schmitz.
Toxochelys latiremis Cope, 1873
First report of this turtle from the Cretaceous of Alabama, USA by Andrew Gentry and Jun Ebersole.
Program and abstracts for the 52nd annual meeting of the Western Association of Vertebrate Paleontologists held at Dixie State University in St. George, Utah, USA.
Calliovarica oregonensis Hickman
A new species of chilodontid gastropod from the Eocene of Oregon, USA by Carole S. Hickman.
Late Triassic vertebrates from the Dockum Group of Texas!
New apomorphy-based identifications of vertebrates from the Late Triassic Dockum Group of Texas by Lessner et al.
An EPICC contribution!
Annotated list of the Cenozoic marine formations of the Pacific Northwest by Liz Nesbitt.
Use of machine learning to classify extant apes!
Monson et al. apply machine learning using dental morphology to classify extant apes and shed light on the chimpanzee-human last common ancestor.
New subadult skull specimen of Euclastes wielandi Hay, 1908 from the Cretaceous of New Jersey, USA!
New study of a subadult skull by P. Ullmann, Z. Boles and M. Knell provides insights into the cranial morphology and intraspecific variation in the Cretaceous pan-cheloniid turtle Euclastes wielandi.
Cimolestids (Mammalia) from the Paleocene of Montana!
New report on Puercolestes and Betonnia, two cimolestids from the early Paleocene (Puercan) of northeastern Montana, U.S.A. by William A. Clemens.
Eocene cassid gastropods from North America!
A reassessment by Richard Squires of Eocene warm-water cassid gastropods (Family Cassidae) from North America and implications for their paleogeographic distribution and faunal turnover following the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum.
Late Eocene elasmobranchs from Aiken County, South Carolina, USA!
Cicimurri and Knight describe new material of sharks and rays (elasmobrachs) from the Dry Branch Formation of Aiken County, South Carolina USA.
NAPC 2019 Field trip guide to the Ediacaran-Cambrian transition in the southwestern USA!
Field trip guide to the Ediacaran-Cambrian transition led by E. Smith, L. Tarhan and L. Nelson for the 2019 North American Paleontological Convention (NAPC).
Late Cretaceous endemic shallow-marine gastropods of the northeast Pacific!
Biodiversity and faunal changes in Late Cretaceous northeast Pacific gastropods by Richard L. Squires.
NAPC 2019 field trip guide to the geology and paleontology of Miocene formations in southern California!
Katharine Loughney and Tara Smiley's NAPC 2019 field trip guide to the geology and paleontology of the Miocene Barstow, Crowder, and Cajon Valley formations of southern California.
Program and Abstracts for the 11th North American Paleontological Conference!
Program and Abstracts for the 11th North American Paleontological Conference (NAPC) hosted by University of California, Riverside June 23-27, 2019.
Nestling-sized hadrosaurine crania from the Late Cretaceous of Montana!
Wosik et al. describe new cranial remains of hadrosaurine nestlings from the Late Cretaceous Hell Creek Formation, Montana, USA, with analysis of cranial ontogeny in Edmontosaurus annectens.
Volume 31, Issue 2, 2014
Tooth plates of three extinct species of callorhynchid holocephalans, Edaphodon mirificus, E. barberi, and Ischyodus bifurcatus have been collected from Upper Cretaceous strata of Alabama. Of the two species of Edaphodon, E. mirificus is represented by isolated tooth plates as well as associated dentitions. Edaphodon barberi was based on a small left mandibular tooth plate, but additional mandibular tooth plates in museum collections show that the diagnostic features seen on the E. barberi holotype are consistently present and therefore useful for species differentiation. Ischyodus bifurcatus is reported for the first time in Alabama and is known from a partial associated dentition and several isolated tooth plates. Most of the fossils are from the upper Santonian to lower Campanian Mooreville Chalk, but two specimens of Edaphodon from a lower Campanian component of the Tombigbee Sand Member of the Eutaw Formation and one from the lower Maastrichtian Ripley Formation represent the first holocephalan records from these lithostratigraphic units in Alabama.
The shape of an animal’s hands provides insight not only to its locomotory habitus but can also reveal information about the genetic and developmental sources that underlie its variation. Detailed analyses of skeletal shape variation within a population can test hypotheses about the genetic, nongenetic, and epigenetic sources underlying that variation. Here, we report on the variation, patterns of correlation, and sexual dimorphism of human metacarpal size in order to better understand the evolutionary history of the hominid hand. Seven linear measurements were collected from unaffiliated adult Native Californians that lived between 3050 BP and 150 BP, correlations across digits were estimated and compared for the entire population, and for males and females. We also assessed sexual dimorphism in variance as well as for metacarpal length ratios.
Results indicate the thumb, or pollical metacarpal (MC1) measurements are only weakly correlated with those of the index through pinky fingers (palmar metacarpals, MC2-5), whereas all palmar metacarpals are more highly correlated with each other. The lower level of correlation between the pollical and palmar metacarpals accords with expectations from non-human developmental studies that indicate developmental modularity between these rays (and as a consequence, this results in developmental independence and the potential for selection to operate on the modules distinctly). Sexual dimorphism is observed in the absolute size of the metacarpals, and also in the degree of variation (males exhibit a greater range of variation) and level of correlation (females return lower correlations for the palmar metacarpal measurements). In contrast, metacarpal length ratios were not sexually dimorphic. The dimorphism in degree of variance and correlation raise new directions for research, while simultaneously bolstering the interpretation that human pollical and palmar metacarpals reflect two distinct developmental modules.