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Analysis of chemical stress and the propensity for cracking during the vertical Bridgman growth of BaBrCl:Eu

  • Author(s): Zhang, C
  • Gao, B
  • Tremsin, AS
  • Perrodin, D
  • Shalapska, T
  • Bourret, ED
  • Onken, DR
  • Vogel, SC
  • Derby, JJ
  • et al.
Abstract

Computational models are employed to analyze residual chemical stresses arising from compositional variations in europium-doped BaBrCl crystals grown by the vertical Bridgman method. We find that significant chemical stress is produced by radial segregation of Eu in this system. In particular, the distribution of normal stresses is set by the radial concentration gradient, whose changing sign produces surface states in tension or compression. Crack opening from surface flaws will be promoted or suppressed by tensile or compressive surface stresses, respectively. Thus, crystal growth processing strategies that change the radial dopant concentration gradients are posited to affect the propensity for cracking. For this system, surface stresses are changed from states of tension to compression when the growth rate is increased, thus improving the chances to avoid cracking—a strategy that defies classical wisdom that dictates slower growth to improve outcomes. Similar strategies affecting segregation may prove beneficial to tailor chemical stress fields to reduce cracking in other crystal growth systems.

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