Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

Data-Driven Velocity Model Evaluation Using K-Means Clustering


We develop a data-driven clustering method to evaluate a velocity model using surface wave velocity dispersion. This is done by first computing theoretical dispersion curves for 1-D velocity profiles of all the grid locations and then splitting the resulting dispersion curves into a certain number of groups via the K-means clustering. The observed dispersion curves are also clustered following the same procedure and the velocity model is assessed by comparing the spatial patterns obtained for the observed and synthetic data sets. The method is applied to evaluate two community velocity models in southern California, CVM-S4.26 and CVM-H15.1, using phase velocity maps derived for 3–16 s Rayleigh waves. We found a good correlation in the spatial distribution of clusters between the result of CVM-S4.26 and that of the observed data, suggesting that the CVM-S4.26 fits the observed dispersion maps better than the CVM-H15.1 in terms of features extracted from the clustering analysis.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View