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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Nanorod Suprastructures from a Ternary Graphene Oxide–Polymer–CsPbX3 Perovskite Nanocrystal Composite That Display High Environmental Stability


Despite the exceptional optoelectronic characteristics of the emergent perovskite nanocrystals, the ionic nature greatly limits their stability, and thus restricts their potential applications. Here we have adapted a self-assembly strategy to access a rarely reported nanorod suprastructure that provide excellent encapsulation of perovskite nanocrystals by polymer-grafted graphene oxide layers. Polyacrylic acid-grafted graphene oxide (GO-g-PAA) was used as a surface ligand during the synthesis of the CsPbX3 perovskite nanocrystals (NCs), yielding particles (5-12 nm) with tunable halide compositions that were homogeneously embedded in the GO-g-PAA matrix. The resulting NC-GO-g-PAA exhibits a higher photoluminescence quantum yield than previously reported encapsulated NCs while maintaining an easily tunable bandgap, allowing for emission spanning the visible spectrum. The NC-GO-g-PAA hybrid further self-assembles into well-defined nanorods upon solvent treatment. The resulting nanorod morphology imparts extraordinary chemical stability toward protic solvents such as methanol and water and much enhanced thermal stability. The introduction of barrier layers by embedding the perovskite NCs in the GO-g-PAA matrix, together with its unique assembly into nanorods, provides a novel strategy to afford robust perovskite emissive materials with environmental stability that may meet or exceed the requirement for optoelectronic applications.

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