Evolutionary History of Ascomyceteous Yeasts:
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Evolutionary History of Ascomyceteous Yeasts:

  • Author(s): Haridas, Sajeet
  • Riley, Robert
  • Salamov, Asaf
  • Goker, Markus
  • Klenk, Hans-Peter
  • Kurtzman, Cletus P.
  • Blackwell, Meredith
  • Grigoriev, Igor
  • Jeffries, Thomas W.
  • et al.

Yeasts are important for many industrial and biotechnological processes and show remarkable diversity despite morphological similarities. We have sequenced the genomes of 16 ascomycete yeasts of taxonomic and industrial importance including members of Saccharomycotina and Taphrinomycotina. A comparison of these with several other previously published yeast genomes have added increased confidence to the phylogenetic positions of previously poorly placed species including Saitoella complicata, Babjeviella inositovora and Metschnikowia bicuspidata. Phylogenetic analysis also showed that yeasts with alternative nuclear codon usage where CUG encodes serine instead of leucine are monophyletic within the Saccharomycotina. Most of the yeasts have compact genomes with a large fraction of single exon genes with Lipomyces starkeyi and the previously published Pneumocystis jirovecii being notable exceptions. Intron analysis suggests that early diverging species have more introns. We also observed a large number of unclassified lineage specific non-simple repeats in these genomes.

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