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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Permeability variations within mining-induced fractured rock mass and its influence on groundwater inrush


This paper is concerned with the evaluation of permeability of fractured rock mass due to the cover stress re-establishment, which is a major factor in controlling water and gas flow rate induced by mining operations in fractured rock. The case study considered in this paper is based on the results of observations of groundwater inrush and a decrease in water inflow from the fractured roof strata due to mining advancing in the Taiping Coalmine, Shandong Province, China. A conceptual model of an effective porous media was used to assess the permeability distribution in the fractured zone induced by coal mining. The cover stress re-establishment in gob fractured rock mass was evaluated using an empirical formula based on the surface subsidence. A simplified conceptual model of the fractured zone was used to evaluate the deformation of fractured zone along with the evaluation of changes in the rock permeability above the gob due to the cover stress re-establishment. These data were then used to calculate the water inflow rate into the panel. Predicted water inflow rates have been found to be in good agreement with those from monitoring data. This study improved the understanding of the mechanisms of the post-mining cover stress re-establishment on permeability change of the overburden fracture rock strata. These results can then be applied for numerical simulations of the process of overburden failure and consequent groundwater inrush due to coal mining.

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