Publications posted here are typically legacy print or electronic-only publications of value to the Scripps researchers, by non-Scripps authors. Publication here is intended to make these works of value more readily available in an open access environment. Works by Scripps' scientists are published elsewhere on this Repository site.
Southern/Northern California Coastal Processes Annotated Bibliography: Coast of California Storm and Tidal Waves Study
The California Coastal Processes Bibliography comprises 2,355 references to scientific literature & technical reports on the California coast: coastal processes, geology and geomorphology, hydrology and hydraulics, and meteorology. Compiled by the Los Angeles & San Francisco Districts of the Army Corps of Engineers, this Bibliography was published as part of the landmark Coast of California Storm and Tidal Waves Study (CCSTWS) and corresponds to the following publications:
Southern California coastal processes : annotated bibliography : the coast of California storm and tidal waves study. Los Angeles. : US Army Corps of Engineers, Los Angeles District, Planning Division, Coastal Resources Branch, 1985. CCSTWS ; 85-4. Coast of California storm and tidal waves study 85-4.
Northern California coastal processes annotated bibliography : Coast of California storm and tidal waves study / prepared by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, San Francisco District, Planning/Engineering Division, Water Resources Branch. Los Angeles : US Army Corps of Engineers, Los Angeles District, Planning Division, Coastal Resources Branch, 1987. CCSTWS 87-5. Coast of California storm and tidal waves study 87-5.
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This scientific bibliography on human-powered submarines aims to list references containing some level of technical information. The references are listed in reverse chronological order.
This annotated bibliography covers the published literature on the flora and vertebrate fauna of the islands surrounding the Baja California peninsula. While comprehensive, it cannot claim to be exhaustive; however, Biological Abstracts and Zoological Record were searched extensively, back to the beginning of those indexes. With few exceptions, the author has examined either the materials themselves or abstracts. The bibliography is annotated, not abstracted. The descriptor field lists the islands mentioned in the work, or the phrases "Gulf Islands" and "Pacific Islands". The bibliography does not include Guadalupe, Socorro, the Tres Marias or other outlying islands. It contains few references to pinniped populations, and none to fish, insects or invertebrates since it is limited to vertebrate species and the terrestrial habitat. It does not cover the Mexican or Latin American literature on the islands to any great degree. Last Updated: July, 1997
Report on the scientific results of the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Zoology - Vol. 4
Zoology Volume 4.
Part XI. Report on the Anatomy of the Petrels (Tubarines) ...
By W. A. Forbes
Part XII. Report on the Deep-Sea Medusae ...
By Ernst Haeckel
Part XIII. Report on the Holothurioidea ... Part I [Elasipoda].
By Hjalmar Theel
Report on the scientific results of the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Deep-sea deposits
Deep Sea Deposits
Report on the Deep-Sea Deposits Based on the Specimens Collected During the Voyage.
by John Murray and A. F. Renard
Appendix I. Explanation of Charts and Diagrams
Appendix II. Report on an Analytical Examination of Manganese Nodules, with Special Reference to the Presence or Absence of the Rarer Elements.
by John Gibson
Appendix III. Chemical Analyses
Report on the scientific results of the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Zoology - Vol. 5
Zoology Volume 5.
Part XIV. Report on the Ophiuroidea ...
By Theodore Lyman
Part XVI. Some Points in the Anatomy of the Thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus), Cuscus (Phalangsta maculata), and Phascogale (Phascogale calura) ... ; with an account of the Comparative Anatomy of the Intrinsic Muscles and Nerves of the Mammalian Pes.
By D. J. Cunningham
Fish Bulletin No. 8. Racial and seasonal variation in the Pacific herring, California sardine and California anchovy
This study of the variation in certain commercially important clupeoid fishes of western North America is one of a series by which it is designed to determine the relation which the varying characters of fishes bear toward the physical features of their environment. Although other characters and other environmental factors are receiving attention in these investigations, chief stress is now being laid on the correlation between the average number of vertebrae and the temperature of the water. The average surface temperature of the coast waters of San Francisco Bay (Golden Gate), Monterey Bay (Pacific Grove) and San Diego (off Coronado Beach) is indicated for the whole year by the three curves on Plate I. The marked difference in temperature between the ocean water of southern California and central California is illustrated by the curves for the San Diego region and for Monterey Bay, which is really a very open gulf. The usual maximum temperature for Monterey is lower than the ordinary minimum off San Diego. These is not an even gradation of temperature between these two localities, Point Conception marking the boundary between the cold waters of the central coast and the warmer waters of southern California. In each region, moreover, there is much local variation in temperature conditions, due not only to differences in protection and depth, but also, probably, to the differential upwelling of deep, cold water (McEwen, 1912, 1916). The curve for San Diego is taken from McEwen's 1916 paper; that for Monterey is smoothed from unpublished data supplied by Director Walter K. Fisher of the Hopkins Marine Station at Pacific Grove. The temperature curve at the entrance to San Francisco Bay, constructed by slightly smoothing Davidson's (1886) monthly averages, is intermediate between the San Diego and the Monterey Bay curves. The higher temperatures at San Francisco as compared with the Monterey records are due to the greater warming of the waters in the shallows of San Francisco harbor. As the fishes here treated are of great importance from the standpoint of the commercial fisheries, this paper is published in the present form largely as a contribution to the fishery-biology of these species. An attempt to determine definitely the racial status of the various populations of each form would, however, be beyond the scope of the present paper. Our data, however, are brought to bear on such problems. This is done to suggest conclusions, and to make our data available to the fishery investigators. We have applied to our data on the herring and the anchovy a method of analysis which we have found useful in studying the seasonal variation in the number of segments in freshwater fishes (Hubbs, 1922, 1924). By this method the correlation between individual variations and environmental factors is determined. Measure is obtained, also, of the degree to which the average number of segments fluctuates on a purely individual, as contrasted with a racial basis. The results so secured are of value in interpreting the significance of observed differences in the average number of segments for samples from different localities.
Fish Bulletin No. 65. Analysis of Populations of the Pacific Sardine on the Basis of Vertebral Counts
These vertebral counts indicate that sardines from British Columbia to Pt. San Eugenio in central Lower California comprise a mixture of populations, the young of which may have been reared on nursery grounds in any of these localities. For most seasons, presumably, the nursery grounds off California and northern Lower California make the greatest contributions to the population. Sardines living off southern Lower California and in the Gulf of California probably comprise a distinct group which does not mix with the northern fish; or if a mixture occurs, the proportion of southern fish to the total northern population is small. The interchange between nursery grounds begins early, perhaps before the sardines are a year old. The number of vertebrae varies between year-classes, and certain year-classes are characterized by high or low averages in all localities. The average number of vertebrae is approximately 51.7 for all sardines north of southern Lower California and about 51.2 for sardines from southern Lower California.
This bulletin is designed as a guide to those marine fishes of California which are likely to be caught by commercial and sport fishermen. While the species included represent only a fraction of the total recorded from the State, those remaining are mostly either deep-sea forms or small fishes of inshore waters which rarely, if ever, enter the fisherman's catch. The guiding precept of likelihood of capture by fishermen results in the inclusion of some species which are actually rather rare in California and the exclusion of some common varieties.
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A surface recovery technique was developed for the retrieval of a vertically oriented array which had been anchored at a depth of 4550 meters. The array was severed within 100 meters of the bottom in order to retrieve two faulty anchor releases as well as the scientific instrumentation.
Sixteen papers were presented during the symposium and asterisks denote the names of authors who have contributed to this volume. Leonard Compagno began with an overview of white shark biology and anatomy followed by Shelton Applegate and Luis Espinosa who presented two papers dealing with the fossil history of the white shark and implications concerning the habits and present status of the recent species. Peter Klimley* and Wes Pratt* and Jack Casey* presented papers on the distribution of white sharks along the California coast and in the western North Atlantic, respectively. Leighton Taylor* presented a paper on historical and contemporary records of white sharks in Hawaii. Three papers dealing with white shark physiology were presented by Frank Carey* (body temperature and capacity for activity), Scott Emery* (hematology, cardiac and gill morphology), and Joel Cohen* and Samuel Gruber* (visual system with emphasis on retinal structure)followed by Gregor Cailliet* who presented information on age and growth. Richard Huddleston presented a paper on stomach and spiral-valve contents of juvenile white sharks. The behavior of white sharks was detailed in four papers presented by John McCosker* (attack behavior and predator/prey strategies), Timothy Tricas* (feeding ethology), Donald Nelson (telemetry of white shark behavior), and David Ainley* (white shark/pinniped interactions at the Farallon Islands). Robert Lea* presented an update on shark attacks off California and Oregon. Bernard Zahuranec offered the concluding remarks. Eleven of the 16 contributed papers appear in this volume.