The open ocean is almost devoid of insects, except for members of the genus Halobates, first described in 1822. The Challenger expedition produced the first review on the genus but the next major review was not published until 1961. Until the late 1970s marine biologists paid very little attention to these unique insects. We now recognize 45 species in the genus, five being pelagic, the rest distributed in tropical near-shore habitats, often endemic to island groups. Since many remote tropical islands have rarely or neer been visited by marine entomologists, it is likely that new species remain to be discovered.
Eighty five species of aquatic and semi-aquatic Heteroptera belonging to 14 families are reported from Xishuangbanna and nearby counties in Yunnan. Collecting locations and habitats are given. Ten species (Hydrometra jaczewskii, H. longicapitis, H. orientalis, Amemboa (Amemboa) sexualis, A. (A.) lyra, Metrocoris ciliatus, Pleciobates pacholatkoi, Ptilomera burmana, Rhyacobates anderseni, Ventidus pulai) are new records for China. In addition, Nine new species (Timasius yunanensis, Ranatra lansburyi, R. sterea, Micronecta (Micronecta) erythra, M. (M.) janssoni, M. (M.) lobata, M. (M.) ornitheia, M. (Unguinecta) melanochroa, Anisops pseudostali) based on material collected during this study, have been described and published elsewhere.
Related Research Centers & Groups
- Aburto Lab
- Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation
- Climate Science and Policy
- Center for Western Weather and Water Extremes (CW3E)
- Integrative Oceanography Division
- UC San Diego Library – Scripps Digital Collection
- Oceanography Program, California Department of Parks & Recreation
- Scripps Institution of Oceanography