The Pan-STARRS1 Surveys
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The Pan-STARRS1 Surveys

  • Author(s): Chambers, KC;
  • Magnier, EA;
  • Metcalfe, N;
  • Flewelling, HA;
  • Huber, ME;
  • Waters, CZ;
  • Denneau, L;
  • Draper, PW;
  • Farrow, D;
  • Finkbeiner, DP;
  • Holmberg, C;
  • Koppenhoefer, J;
  • Price, PA;
  • Rest, A;
  • Saglia, RP;
  • Schlafly, EF;
  • Smartt, SJ;
  • Sweeney, W;
  • Wainscoat, RJ;
  • Burgett, WS;
  • Chastel, S;
  • Grav, T;
  • Heasley, JN;
  • Hodapp, KW;
  • Jedicke, R;
  • Kaiser, N;
  • Kudritzki, R-P;
  • Luppino, GA;
  • Lupton, RH;
  • Monet, DG;
  • Morgan, JS;
  • Onaka, PM;
  • Shiao, B;
  • Stubbs, CW;
  • Tonry, JL;
  • White, R;
  • Bañados, E;
  • Bell, EF;
  • Bender, R;
  • Bernard, EJ;
  • Boegner, M;
  • Boffi, F;
  • Botticella, MT;
  • Calamida, A;
  • Casertano, S;
  • Chen, W-P;
  • Chen, X;
  • Cole, S;
  • Deacon, N;
  • Frenk, C;
  • Fitzsimmons, A;
  • Gezari, S;
  • Gibbs, V;
  • Goessl, C;
  • Goggia, T;
  • Gourgue, R;
  • Goldman, B;
  • Grant, P;
  • Grebel, EK;
  • Hambly, NC;
  • Hasinger, G;
  • Heavens, AF;
  • Heckman, TM;
  • Henderson, R;
  • Henning, T;
  • Holman, M;
  • Hopp, U;
  • Ip, W-H;
  • Isani, S;
  • Jackson, M;
  • Keyes, CD;
  • Koekemoer, AM;
  • Kotak, R;
  • Le, D;
  • Liska, D;
  • Long, KS;
  • Lucey, JR;
  • Liu, M;
  • Martin, NF;
  • Masci, G;
  • McLean, B;
  • Mindel, E;
  • Misra, P;
  • Morganson, E;
  • Murphy, DNA;
  • Obaika, A;
  • Narayan, G;
  • Nieto-Santisteban, MA;
  • Norberg, P;
  • Peacock, JA;
  • Pier, EA;
  • Postman, M;
  • Primak, N;
  • Rae, C;
  • Rai, A;
  • Riess, A;
  • Riffeser, A;
  • Rix, HW;
  • Röser, S;
  • Russel, R;
  • Rutz, L;
  • Schilbach, E;
  • Schultz, ASB;
  • Scolnic, D;
  • Strolger, L;
  • Szalay, A;
  • Seitz, S;
  • Small, E;
  • Smith, KW;
  • Soderblom, DR;
  • Taylor, P;
  • Thomson, R;
  • Taylor, AN;
  • Thakar, AR;
  • Thiel, J;
  • Thilker, D;
  • Unger, D;
  • Urata, Y;
  • Valenti, J;
  • Wagner, J;
  • Walder, T;
  • Walter, F;
  • Watters, SP;
  • Werner, S;
  • Wood-Vasey, WM;
  • Wyse, R
  • et al.
Abstract

Pan-STARRS1 has carried out a set of distinct synoptic imaging sky surveys including the $3\pi$ Steradian Survey and the Medium Deep Survey in 5 bands ($grizy_{P1}$). The mean 5$\sigma$ point source limiting sensitivities in the stacked 3$\pi$ Steradian Survey in $grizy_{P1}$ are (23.3, 23.2, 23.1, 22.3, 21.4) respectively. The upper bound on the systematic uncertainty in the photometric calibration across the sky is 7-12 millimag depending on the bandpass. The systematic uncertainty of the astrometric calibration using the Gaia frame comes from a comparison of the results with Gaia: the standard deviation of the mean and median residuals ($ \Delta ra, \Delta dec $) are (2.3, 1.7) milliarcsec, and (3.1, 4.8) milliarcsec respectively. The Pan-STARRS system and the design of the PS1 surveys are described and an overview of the resulting image and catalog data products and their basic characteristics are described together with a summary of important results. The images, reduced data products, and derived data products from the Pan-STARRS1 surveys are available to the community from the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes (MAST) at STScI.

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